Breaking Barriers to Health Care Access in Florida
“Breaking Barriers” is a 10-state study analyzing the significant impediments and racial disparities in enrollment in health coverage under the Affordable Care Act, and access to health care, even after enrollment. The report includes specific recommendations for systemic improvements to assure fair and equitable access to health care for all.
The “Breaking Barriers to Health Care Access” report methodology included interviews with Florida navigators, policy and health care professionals and advocates, as well as 151 surveys in Spanish and English with low-income community residents.
The Florida legislature twice rejected Medicaid expansion, leaving approximately a million Floridians in a health care-less limbo, unable to qualify for Medicaid or for any tax subsidies to purchase health insurance. These decisions were followed by the state’ boondoggle expenditure of $900 million to develop Florida Health Choices
Florida has high percentages of people of color who are uninsured, but the outcomes make it clear that no targeting was done to help those populations enroll or access health care.
Website glitches and unfamiliarity with complex medical and insurance terms often led to delays for thousands in gaining coverage.
Findings from “Breaking Barriers”
• One of three Latinos in Florida is uninsured and make up a quarter of the state’s population. However, Latinos accounted for a little over 19 percent of enrollees. Whites accounted for 54 percent of enrollees.
• Almost 20 percent of new enrollees in Florida are African Americans. However, more than 25 percent are uninsured, and 16 percent are in the coverage-to-care gap. Outreach to African Americans was non-existent.
• The biggest barrier to enrollment is the state’s rejection of Medicaid expansion. Between 750,000 and 1 million Floridians fall into the Medicaid gap.
• Florida will lose $66.1 billion in federal Medicaid funding between 2013 and 2022.
Coverage Doesn’t Translate to Care
• About half of those interviewed have chronic health issues. Thirty percent said it had been more than a year since they had seen their doctor.
• Of those interviewed, 24 percent of African Americans and 18 percent of Latinos had to travel more than an hour to see their provider, compared to 4 percent of whites.
• Few of those interviewed have regular doctors: 37 percent of African American respondents and 43 percent of Latino respondents either use the hospital emergency or “have no place to go” for their medical care.
• Increase enrollment and federal funding for health care by expanding Medicaid.
• Target enrollment of low-income residents who are already enrolled in programs like WIC, food stamps, or reduced price school meals.
• Expand the role of navigators to help people once they are enrolled to find doctors, alternative care, interpretation and health education.
• Florida should enforce and impose penalties on insurers who do not reduce racial disparities in health care within required time frames.
• Require networks to assure one full-time primary caregiver for every 2,000 patients. Increase payment rates to primary care physicians
• Make sure the newly enrolled have their free screenings and checkups within 60 days and well-woman preventative care.
• Require plans to track health outcomes, disaggregated by race, ethnicity, primary language, gender, disability, and sexual orientation.
• Encourage innovation and experimentation to address the underlying causes of poor health, particularly in poor and rural communities.
• Invest in school-based health centers in medically underserved communities.