For the third year running, the Orlando Museum of Art hosts the Florida Prize in Contemporary Art competition, which is gaining traction statewide as the place to see the state's most up-and-coming artists. The annual invitational has grown into an exhibition of all that Florida contains, while shunning regionalism; it ain't all sunshine and palm trees in the country's third most populous state. Noelle Mason takes the 2016 prize, which was awarded before her meditations on our culture of violence became horribly timely. Other artists in the show reflect on the roles of technology, philosophy and human geography, pain and desire in our lives.
The OMA class of 2016: Anthea Behm, Gainesville; Adler Guerrier, Miami; María Martínez-Cañas, Miami; Noelle Mason, Tampa; Ernesto Oroza, Aventura; Matt Roberts, Deland; Dawn Roe, Winter Park; Kyle Trowbridge, Coral Gables; Michael Vasquez, Miami; and Sergio Vega, Gainesville.
RTR: The show this year is strong. I had to see it twice to grasp the work in its entirety, and although it takes the same space as always, its emotional range makes the space feel bigger. There are highs, lows and some contemplative areas that bear fruit upon longer meditation.
JBY: I have to admit that this year nothing moved me quite as much as in previous years – no happy art crushes on the level of Jillian Mayer's videos in 2014, or Alex Trimino's knitted neon totems, Antonia Wright's performances and Mike Covello's exuberant works on paper last year. Of course, Mason's work had unintentionally appropriate timing, but we covered that last week.
More than in any other year there is an underpinning of want to this group. From Oroza's "architecture of necessity" to Vasquez's portraits, Roe's real forest to Roberts' digital word forests, Guerrier's obsessive mapping to Mason's and Vega's overt longing for a culture without violence and oppression (different cultures, same desire) it seemed to me everyone was experiencing the pull of need.
RTR: Yes – last year, the work occasionally alluded to architecture. This year, the human condition is front and center. Vega starts it off with "The Lost Steps (After Steichen, Oiticica, Derrida)" (shown at right) and shows clips from a film he made, called "Paradise: Rewired." In "The Lost Steps," the sunny, hopeful Brasil of the 1950s gives way to grinding poverty, trash-strewn shacks and a rainforest decimated by haphazard agriculture. The hopelessness isn't apparent at first, but sinks in as you wander between the floating panels and banners of the installation.
- Sergio Vega, “The Lost Steps (after Steichen, Oiticica, Derrida),” 2015
JBY: Hmm, interesting you say "last year the show alluded to architecture," because I'd argue that this is the year of that. However, not to short-shrift Vega: Those floating panels were of course visually stunning, but the reference to the eye-grabbing, temporarily built environment of the convention floor as a way to "market" the information he's trying to impart was, I thought, a neat twinning of jocularity and rage.
RTR: While Vega looked backward at an architecture of the past, Trowbridge looks forward with a raised eyebrow at technology. His Mondrian-esque deconstructed QR code paintings contemplate technology's force in our lives.
JBY: God, who still has a QR code scanner on their phone? Word to the wise: If you are attending this year's Florida Prize show, come with scanner already installed, and also be prepared to download a couple of proprietary apps. The good news – it's worth it.
RTR: The paintings stand on their own, almost. "You're So Pretty When You're Faithful to Me" is an inherent contradiction. The painting's dark umber lines and fluorescent yellow spots create a geometric, interlaced pattern. Bringing this contradiction to the front, rather than sweeping it under the rug: Isn't that modernism incarnate?
JBY: I'm not 100 percent positive I can call giant paintings of QR codes "modernism incarnate," but they are positively pretty, and I can't resist a Pixies reference. Speaking of references, patient viewers with the correct set of cultural references will howl with glee (eventually) at Anthea Behm's "Adorno/Bueller" video. Spoiler alert! Spoilers to follow.
RTR: Vega's work alluded to Jacques Derrida, and here, Behm references Theodor Adorno. Both philosophers are on trial in this show for their insidious theories of deconstructionism, or post-structuralism, a disease that has addled artists, architects and writers. Behm's film has all the seriousness of a postgraduate dissertation, but with the absurdity of Ferris Bueller.
JBY: The joke takes a while, but it pays off for anyone who's crammed for an art theory course. And it's not all laffs; there's a graceful cycle of degradation/decay/regrowth in the video.
Then there's Noelle Mason's installation and tapestries. You shut down for a minute during our walk-through together.
RTR: I just couldn't look at it, Jessica, when we were there – I acted oddly because I was hastily building an emotional wall to keep it out. Then I went home and read the Angela Davis quote my wife has in her studio: "Progressive art can assist people to learn not only about the objective forces at work in the society in which they live, but also about the intensely social character of their interior lives." So Kim and I went back, I looked at it with her, and indeed Mason's textile interpretations of violent acts assisted me to learn something. Now, I think it's the best art in the show.
JBY: Agreed. (I also think it's interesting that two of three Florida Prize winners have been textile artists, but I'll stifle that digression.) "Love Letters," the huge Columbine killer-referencing installation, will obviously get the most attention due to recent events, but I was most haunted by her tapestries of thermal-imaging border surveillance. Homeland Security's technology is good enough to pick out the people smuggled away inside a semi-truck, even so far as to be able to distinguish what they're doing back there. And the rendering of this cold, hard tech (I won't say masculine, but Mason does characterize it as such) in the soft, warm and, yes, traditionally feminine medium of cross-stitch gave me a chill.
RTR: Moving on to Michael Vasquez's huge, macho portraits of Florida urban gang members. Brutal volatility, menacing masculinity and hellish lighting make them overpowering. There's a humanity on the edges of them, though. That's what makes you linger over them.
JBY: Vasquez grew up in St. Petersburg, half Puerto Rican, half Polish-American, raised by a single mother. I gotta say, it's distressing how many reviews of his work I've read that drop terms like "thug" and "ghetto." OK, sure, his canvases are peopled with young men in bandanas and snapbacks throwing gang signs. But when we look at a Vermeer, do we call his subjects "a bunch of housewives" or label them "bougie"? No, that would be reductionist. We focus on the emotion and the relationships, the universality, as well as the painterly skill. Same here. I don't see menacing masculinity so much as a longing for, or exploration of, masculinity. Also, really spirited and gestural brushwork.
Moving along, we get to Ernesto Oroza's section. I. Love. This.
- Ernesto Oroza "Architecture of Necessity" 2016
RTR: Oroza's Cuba is what Portland, Oregon, wishes it could be: a maker culture par excellence. Oroza shows video and photos of bonsai'd architecture, buildings adapted over time by tiny adjustments – a brick here, a metal grille there. And his vitrine full of handmade artifacts is quietly electrifying. You realize that in Cuba, you don't go to Home Depot to get something like a junction box or a handful of bolts. If you need it, you make it. Somehow.
JBY: His philosophy of the "Architecture of Necessity" smashed into my brain in a way I haven't experienced since the first Andrea Zittel show I saw. It just feels like truth, self-evident and complete in itself, not any kind of belabored conceptualism. Stunning.
RTR: Did you get Roberts' app to work? "Dream Garden" was provocative, yet the app that I downloaded at his request didn't have the effect I was led to expect. "Waves," however, was mesmerizing. I really enjoyed the concept, and the fluctuating blue pattern was serene and contemplative.
- Matt Roberts, “Dream Garden,” 2016
JBY: "Dream Garden," out in the rotunda, is reprised from its appearance in last year's Art in Odd Places. I liked the idea that the sparse lines evident at the beginning of the exhibition will become a thick forest of words by the end. And his collaboration with local poet Terri Witek works tremendously well (if you have the patience to deal with the Layar augmented reality app). But yes, the wave bowl is good fun. "Visualizing data" sounds yawny but the tangible forms are captivating.
RTR: It was in the same room as Guerrier's installation, and they went well together. Guerrier's wall of vertical pastel rectangles was a nod to Modernism, I thought, but the delicacy of the tissue paper built a tension with the monumental images of the tropical landscape.
JBY: It felt sere and inaccessible to me until I read the wall texts. Never be embarrassed to ask for help, I guess. Once I got some grounding in his intentions, the emotion was apparent.
RTR: Guerrier's light touch contrasted with Maria Martínez-Cañas' heavy, textural collages of magnificent concrete bunkers, partially erased photographs and large-scale photo-paintings. They draw you in, they are intimate, and they have a definite Latin American feel to them. It's hard to explain what that is. I love them.
JBY: Is it perhaps ... the concrete architecture, Richard?
RTR: Probably. They're really muscular and self-assured.
JBY: Massively. And at last we come to local homegirl and Rollins professor Dawn Roe! She's making waves, literally ...
RTR: Roe's work has evolved into a really interesting place. Letting nature tell its own story, rather than superimposing our classical viewpoint on nature, you get untraditional photography. Then she let nature's patterns influence a human act: crumpling aluminum foil. Roe works somewhere between art and science, and it's a fascinating cerebral place.
JBY: Comparisons are odious, I know, yet I can't seem to stop. This time my brain wants to link Roe's work here to James Turrell's 2013 installation at the Guggenheim, "Aten Reign." They aren't visually similar, but they impart the same sense of glacial change, of a serenity that can contain and coexist with disturbance. Also like "Aten Reign," I just wanted to lie on the floor and let it wash over me – and I did just that at the Guggenheim during that August 2013 heat wave. Sorry, OMA staff, if I'm encouraging bad behavior, but I can think of few better activities than genuflecting to art on a hell-hot summer day in Florida.